TY - JOUR

T1 - Cosmological constant, fine structure constant and beyond

AU - Wei, Hao

AU - Zou, Xiao Bo

AU - Li, Hong Yu

AU - Xue, Dong Ze

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2017, The Author(s).

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - In the present work, we consider the cosmological constant model Λ ∝ α- 6, which is well motivated from three independent approaches. As is well known, the hint of varying fine structure constant α was found in 1998. If Λ ∝ α- 6 is right, it means that the cosmological constant Λ should also be varying. Here, we try to develop a suitable framework to model this varying cosmological constant Λ ∝ α- 6, in which we view it from an interacting vacuum energy perspective. Then we consider the observational constraints on these models by using the 293 Δ α/ α data from the absorption systems in the spectra of distant quasars. We find that the model parameters can be tightly constrained to the very narrow ranges of O(10 - 5) typically. On the other hand, we can also view the varying cosmological constant model Λ ∝ α- 6 from another perspective, namely it can be equivalent to a model containing “dark energy” and “warm dark matter”, but there is no interaction between them. We find that this is also fully consistent with the observational constraints on warm dark matter.

AB - In the present work, we consider the cosmological constant model Λ ∝ α- 6, which is well motivated from three independent approaches. As is well known, the hint of varying fine structure constant α was found in 1998. If Λ ∝ α- 6 is right, it means that the cosmological constant Λ should also be varying. Here, we try to develop a suitable framework to model this varying cosmological constant Λ ∝ α- 6, in which we view it from an interacting vacuum energy perspective. Then we consider the observational constraints on these models by using the 293 Δ α/ α data from the absorption systems in the spectra of distant quasars. We find that the model parameters can be tightly constrained to the very narrow ranges of O(10 - 5) typically. On the other hand, we can also view the varying cosmological constant model Λ ∝ α- 6 from another perspective, namely it can be equivalent to a model containing “dark energy” and “warm dark matter”, but there is no interaction between them. We find that this is also fully consistent with the observational constraints on warm dark matter.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85009250649&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1140/epjc/s10052-016-4581-z

DO - 10.1140/epjc/s10052-016-4581-z

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85009250649

SN - 1434-6044

VL - 77

JO - European Physical Journal C

JF - European Physical Journal C

IS - 1

M1 - 14

ER -