## Abstract

An efficient second-order cell-centered Lagrangian discontinuous Galerkin (DG) method for solving two-dimensional (2D) elastic-plastic flows with the hypo-elastic constitutive model and von Mises yield condition is presented. First, starting from the governing equations of conserved quantities in the Euler framework, the integral weak formulation of them in the Lagrangian framework is derived. Next, the DG method is used for spatial discretization of both the weak formulation of conserved quantities and the evolution equation of deviatoric stress tensor. The Taylor basis functions defined in the reference coordinates provide the piecewise polynomial expansion of the variables, including the conserved quantities and the deviatoric stress tensor. The vertex velocities and Cauchy stress tensor on the edges are computed using a nodal solver equipped with a variant of Li's new Harten-Lax-van Leer-contact approximate Riemann solver [Li et al., “An HLLC-type approximate Riemann solver for two-dimensional elastic-perfectly plastic model,” J. Comput. Phys. 448, 110675 (2022)], in which the longitudinal wave velocity in the plastic state is modified. Then the vertex velocities and Cauchy stress tensor on the edges are used to compute numerical fluxes. A second-order total variation diminishing Runge-Kutta scheme is used for time discretization of both the governing equations of conserved quantities and the evolution equation of deviatoric stress tensor. After solving the evolution equation of deviatoric stress tensor, a radial return algorithm is performed at the Gauss points of each element according to the von Mises yield condition. And then the coefficients of the DG expansion for the deviatoric stress tensor on each element are modified by a least squares procedure using the deviatoric stress tensors at these Gauss points. To achieve second-order accuracy, the least squares procedure is used for piecewise linear reconstruction of conserved quantities and the deviatoric stress tensor, and the Barth-Jespersen limiter is used to suppress the nonphysical numerical oscillation near the discontinuities. After that, the coefficients of the DG expansion are modified through L2 projection using the reconstructed polynomials. Finally, a second-order cell-centered Lagrangian DG scheme is established. Several tests demonstrate that the new scheme achieves second-order accuracy with good robustness, and that the DG method of updating the deviatoric stress tensor has comparable accuracy and much higher efficiency with mesh refinement compared with previous works.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 036134 |

Journal | Physics of Fluids |

Volume | 36 |

Issue number | 3 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 1 Mar 2024 |