TY - JOUR

T1 - A new model for the expansion tube considering the stress coupling

T2 - Theory, experiments and simulations

AU - Wu, M. Z.

AU - Zhang, X. W.

AU - Zhang, Q. M.

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 China Ordnance Society

PY - 2022/7

Y1 - 2022/7

N2 - Based on the two-arc profile assumption, the expansion deformation and energy absorption of circular tubes compressed by conical-cylindrical dies were reconsidered. First, the deformation of the two arcs was analyzed independently and an improved model denoted as Model-I was established. Then, by further involving the coupling between the bending moment and membrane forces, a more elaborate model, i.e., Model-II was developed. Afterwards, experiments and simulations were conducted to verify the models, which show that, compared with previous theoretical models, Model-II could not only capture the prominent features of the deformation, but also improve the prediction accuracy of the steady driving force significantly. By means of this model, it was found that the critical semi-conical angle, which makes the driving force minimum, increases with the increase of the friction coefficient, expansion ratio as well as the radius/thickness ratio of the tube. And, the energy dissipation due to stretching is always greater than that of bending, while the friction dissipation can account for the largest proportion at small semi-conical angle or large friction coefficient. At a certain friction and die conditions, the specific energy absorption of expanded tubes can be much higher than that under progressive collapse mode.

AB - Based on the two-arc profile assumption, the expansion deformation and energy absorption of circular tubes compressed by conical-cylindrical dies were reconsidered. First, the deformation of the two arcs was analyzed independently and an improved model denoted as Model-I was established. Then, by further involving the coupling between the bending moment and membrane forces, a more elaborate model, i.e., Model-II was developed. Afterwards, experiments and simulations were conducted to verify the models, which show that, compared with previous theoretical models, Model-II could not only capture the prominent features of the deformation, but also improve the prediction accuracy of the steady driving force significantly. By means of this model, it was found that the critical semi-conical angle, which makes the driving force minimum, increases with the increase of the friction coefficient, expansion ratio as well as the radius/thickness ratio of the tube. And, the energy dissipation due to stretching is always greater than that of bending, while the friction dissipation can account for the largest proportion at small semi-conical angle or large friction coefficient. At a certain friction and die conditions, the specific energy absorption of expanded tubes can be much higher than that under progressive collapse mode.

KW - Circular tube

KW - Energy absorption

KW - Expansion

KW - Strain hardening

KW - Stress coupling

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85107747620&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.dt.2021.05.010

DO - 10.1016/j.dt.2021.05.010

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:85107747620

SN - 2096-3459

VL - 18

SP - 1190

EP - 1204

JO - Defence Technology

JF - Defence Technology

IS - 7

ER -